Royal Navy Epaulettes Of The 1891 Regulations
The officers' epaulettes of the 1891 regulations were, with very few changes, the same as were authorized up through World War II. In 1901, the crown was changed to the round-topped "Tudor" or "King's" crown.
Epaulettes were worn with Full Dress, Ball Dress and, when specified, Frock Coat Dress. Officers of the equivalent rank of sub-lieutenant wore epaulette straps without bullion fringe. In 1914, the rank of lieutenant of eight years seniority was re-titled lieutenant commander.
The Navigating Branch was a dying breed, the descendants of the officers who had been called masters in the earlier sailing navy. No new officers were appointed to this branch after 1883. They had a different entry and career path from Military Branch officers, could not reach flag rank, or command a warship under normal circumstances. Except for the epaulettes, their uniforms were identical to the Military Branch.
|Admiral of the Fleet|
|Inspector General of Hospitals and Fleets|
|Commodore 2nd Class, Captain of 3 years seniority|
|Secretary to an Admiral of the Fleet, Paymaster-in-Chief, Chief Inspector of Machinery, Deputy Inspector-General of Hospitals and Fleets, Inspector of Machinery of 8 years seniority|
|Captain of under 3 years seniority|
|Secretary to a Commander-in-Chief of 5 years seniority, Inspector of Machinery under 8 years seniority|
|Secretary to a Commander- in-Chief under 5 years seniority, Fleet Surgeon, Paymaster of 15 years seniority, Chief Engineer of 10 years seniority, Naval Instructor of 15 years seniority|
|Lieutenant of 8 years seniority|
|Navigating Lieutenant of 8 years seniority|
|Secretary to a Flag Officer, Staff Surgeon, Paymaster of 8 years seniority, Chief Engineer under 10 years seniority, Naval Instructor of 8 years seniority|
|Lieutenant under 8 years seniority|
|Navigating Lieutenant under 8 years seniority|
|Secretary to a Commodore 2nd Class, Surgeon, Paymaster under 8 years seniority, Engineer of 8 years seniority, Naval Instructor under 8 years seniority, Assistant Paymaster of 8 years seniority,|
|Sub-Lieutenant, Chief Gunner, Chief Boatswain|
|Assistant Paymaster under 8 years seniority, Engineer under 8 years seniority|